By Sea: Expression, In Full Swing

For the past few weeks, Orange Band students have put their time, energy, and hearts into Expression projects for the Movement of Things By Sea Arc. This, our third and final arc, definitely has a culminating feel to it. Projects truly seem to build off the year’s experiences–not just the Exploration work of this arc, but the previous arc’s project work, as well. And, so, without further ado, please enjoy the By Sea Arc Projects of the Orange Band!

Fur the seals

By Charlotte

My project is a podcast about northern fur seals, I chose it because I like fur seals and it relates to the by sea arc because northern fur seals live in the sea! They travel by sea around a quarter of the world!

Fun fact: They are the second most furriest animal on earth! They have 300,000 hairs per square inch. The males live to be 10 years old then they die, whereas the females live to be 20-27! Females are much smaller compared to males: females get to be 4 feet long and males get to be 6 feet long and longer!

My goal for this project is to teach people about northern fur seals and inspire them to help them rebuild their population. I want to help people understand the importance of just one animal, because it can change other animals that we depend on! We need to help fur seals, and other animals that can depend on animals that are crucial to humans.

P.S. My project will cost… about… maybe $999,999,999,999,999,999,999,999,999.99 plus tax and other things like that.

P.P.S. Nah… it is worth more than that. Maybe $999,999,999,999,999,999,999,999,999,999,999,999,999,999,999,999,999,999,999,999,999.99 uhhh that does include tax but it doesn’t include getting a special box for it. And maybe an extra large car… no… truck. And you’ll need two… no… three. Anyway, it is TOTALLY WORTH IT!!!!!

P.P.P.S. Oh and you can get it on eBay. It costs more on eBay. But you know, it is TOTALLY WORTH IT!!!!!!!!!!

The argonauts waste a lot of valuable time struggling

By Lucy

The Argo on the set

My project is a stop motion of the Argo’s journey. Phoebe and I are working together to create this film. We chose to make a stop motion about the Argonauts and their journey because we both love Greek mythology and thought it would be fun to make a stop motion. Our project relates to the by sea arc because the Argo was a Greek ship that sailed across the black sea to Colchis to retrieve the golden fleece for Jason’s home town Iolcus. Our project has value because the story of the golden fleece was first told over 2,000 years ago and phoebe and I are retelling it in 2017 and it started in 200 BCE! Our  project is probably going to teach us about the Argonauts and stop motion we will learn to work well together and other stuff!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Phoebe and I painting the set

Jeevan By Sea

My project is a hovercraft. I chose this project because I thought it would be a challenge to hover something over water. Water is not flat, hard, still, or smooth. My project relates to the by sea arc because it is a hovercraft that hovers over water. Water is a different surface than land. In water everything has to be even so it doesn’t tip over. You cannot make a land hover craft and put it over water. It would tip over. My project will teach me a lot about balancing airflow and air pressure. Instead of making something that goes in water, and is affected by water I am making something that goes over water, and  is still affected by water. I made a land hovercraft and I put it over  water and it tipped over. I tried it multiple times but nothing changed. At the beginning of the arc we went on boats. All the boats we went on had to displace their own weight in water. I wanted to make something that could go on water without displacing their own weight in water. That’s how I decided to make a hovercraft.

Project Defense

By Amiya

Me practicing filming with a green-screen

For my project, I am making a shipwreck documentary  featuring the Andrea Doria and the Titanic. I am aiming to make the video at least 15 minutes long. I chose this project because I am fascinated with accidental and mysterious shipwrecks, and I would like to know more. I also have never made a documentary before, so it will teach me some new skills about filming and editing video. Originally, It was going to be drawing animations with the Titanic, Lusitania, and Andrea Doria, but I did not get enough project time in the first two weeks. Now, even with more project time, I will have to do a few drawings, but only for the wrecks and Lego stop motion for the sinkings. 

Me drawing the wreck of the Titanic

Though part of the reason I chose this project was because I really like drawing, I am still excited about the project. The two shipwrecks that I am doing are my favorites because not only are they very famous, but there is a lot of mystery surrounding their sinkings. Even today, scientists can only guess about exactly how the Titanic sank since no one took any pictures or video of it sinking. The Andrea Doria was filmed sinking, but still there are some things that scientists do not know. This project is worthy of my time as it is something that I am very passionate about, and when I have a choice, I choose to work on my documentary. As I mentioned before, I have never made a documentary, so this is a chance to learn new skills such as editing film. This project is related to by sea because it is about ships that sank, which used to move by-sea, and are now part of the ocean.

Me meeting with my expert

THE ARGONAUTS SHALL NOT DIE… WELL MOST OF THEM ANYWAY

By Phoebe

I love the idea of supernatural beings controlling nature. The ancient Greeks made myths up so they could explain natural phenomenon that they could not explain.  My project is a stop motion about the Argo and its journey. Lucy is working on it with me.  I chose it because I like Greek mythology it’s also  one of my favorites myth and it’s by sea.  I will learn what I can in a few weeks deadline. We are not making the full film because it would be too much work in few days.

    

My Cardboard Boat

By Roman

My project is building a cardboard boat. I chose this project because I wanted to have a boat, a fun time, and a cool project. This project relates to the By Sea Arc because I get to go out on the water and feel proud about accomplishing building a boat in a short amount of time. Also I will tell my family that I built a boat and make them proud. The value of this project is building a boat that doesn’t sink and getting more into boat building. I will test the boat in a pool or a river. Another value is that I can build a boat in a survival situation and I could save my life from that. I think this project is important because I will have project that connects to this arc.

Roman carefully cuts paddles out of plywood on the band saw

Band saw practice breaks up the cardboard construction

 

My Arc Project

By Justin

I am making a boat out of coroplast and wood for my project. The sides are made out of coroplast and the bottom is made out of wood. It is 8 feet long and 2 feet 6 in wide. It was supposed to have a motor originally but it is not going to. I am going to take it to Jenner to test it. I think that building a boat is a good by sea project because we use boats for crossing water. It is a good project because I will learn about building and waterproofing structures and I will get a boat.

Boat Launch at Stow Lake!

It was a bright and breezy April afternoon – auspicious weather conditions for the launch of the Orange Band’s own cardboard boats!

Lucy awaits the launch of her team’s boat: the BWX Unknown!

There is a romance and kind of magic, it feels, inherent in our explorations By Sea. Even when collaborators brainstormed the many interactions with the sea and the things it moves before the arc began, I don’t think that any of us anticipated the just how captivating it would be to go out on the water. Thanks to our proximity to the ocean, bay, and lakes, we have been able to experience being on the water no less than FIVE times – in such a myriad of ways! From rowboats in the bay (and just beyond), to massive ferries, four mast turn of the century shipping boats, and sail boats, the Orange Band’s logical progression has been to build and launch their own boats. Naturally!

When given free range to build a boat, which design would YOU choose?

This boat building project – so close to the start of the year’s last expression portion (Coincidence? Perhaps not!) was much more than *just* another build. The road (waterway?) to the successful paddles was marked with challenges and opportunities to stretch the kiddos, individually and as a group!

The challenge began as an individual boat prototype build on a small scale. Throughout the year, kiddos have been honing this skill – and the Orange Band tackled this task with comfort and ease, each student creating their own model, a testament to their practice and capability with their tools: cardboard, rulers, and boxcutters. Essential to the work was their familiarity with the crafts they have been on throughout the arc; the days spent on the water allowed for so much time interacting with and analyzing boat design and structure. As such, there was a good amount of variety found among the prototypes.

Next, students voted on the designs they felt would be the most successful. Using this criteria helps to get the kiddos in the project mindset – and feel confident about getting into the boats, themselves!

With the boat designs narrowed down to two choices, the Orange Band began construction in teams on Monday. We had a scheduled boat launch set for Thursday afternoon- and an impromptu field trip on the Bay popped up on Tuesday.

The Orange, Teal, Blue, and Violet Bands joined the Call of the Sea out of Sausalito for a day on the water.

The clock was ticking for the teams, underscored by the ongoing fear of actually getting into the boats. Sailors were hard to come by as worries of getting dunked in the lake or eaten alive by snapping turtles flew around the shop.

Phoebe works with the straightedge for greater precision.

This three day work was when, in truth, the *real* work began. That is, tackling a build that was going to be put to the test in the world, under real time constraints, in a group project setting! Students were challenged to hone their communication skills, practice delegating tasks, and being flexible on the fly – all tall orders, to be sure. Each day of construction ended with more than a few worries about whether the boats would be ready in time – or ready to float!

Amiya contemplates his next construction move on his team’s design: a craft with a double outrigger style pontoon

Aaliyah helps Lucy and Charlotte secure the fourth layer of plastic to their craft.

But this is Brightworks! Come Thursday morning, both crafts were duct taped and wrapped in plastic – ready for the waters of Stow Lake. Not surprising, with the excitement of the actual launch at our fingertips, sailors suddenly came from left and right, clamoring to hop in! Anticipation was high when our first sailor stepped a shaky foot into her team’s boat. Families, puppies, and the meandering park goer alike cheered as the craft pushed off to great success!

Our first sailor still has the jitters before her voyage.

Post trip, Phoebe is ALL smiles!

And what a success! Both boats went out for multiple voyages on the lake, steering around the intrigued paddle boats and navigating the flow of the lake, and the occasional wind gust.

With two boats on the water, BWX Boat Launch was a resounding success!

Amiya navigated the current and flora of the lake with determination.

This craft was sound enough to take on two: “It looks as though they’re on a Sunday stroll.”

We left the lake that afternoon back to Brightworks with full hearts, high on the triumph of the students’ hard work. It was a magical afternoon – just the kind of day that will resonate in the kiddos’ minds as they gear up for their next, and last, project experiences of this year.

In the By Sea Percolators

The Orange Band has had the luxury of so many by-sea experiences during Exploration. While there are still a few trips and outings left in the weeks after Spring Break, we took some time this week to read about the aquatic topics that the kiddos found interesting and intriguing. Enjoy the Orange Band’s recent research!


Coral Reef Damage

By Amiya

Record temperatures in 2015 and 2016 have caused significant damage to Australia’s Great Barrier Reef. It is the biggest living organism in the world and can be seen from outer space. The reef stretches 1,400 miles off the coast of Queensland, in the Coral Sea. Coral are typically brightly colored, but when water temperatures get too hot, they become white. This is called bleaching, and it occurs when coral get rid of the algae which they use for food.

Bleached coral are more likely to get diseases, and they can take multiple decades to recover from bleaching. The Great Barrier reef has experienced significant bleaching before, in 1998 and 2002, but it only affected about 60 percent of the reef during both of those incidents. Currently, 90 percent of the reef is affected, and it is still experiencing bleaching in 2017.

Terry Hughes is a scientist in Australia. He helped to lead a study which showed the effect of global warming on coral. He has been observing, from above and underwater, the Great Barrier Reef’s bleaching. As summer comes to an end in the southern hemisphere, Hughes is hoping that the weather cools down in the next few weeks, and that it won’t be as warm next summer. “It broke my heart to see so many corals dying on northern reefs on the Great Barrier Reef in 2016,” he said. The world’s nations met in Paris in 2015 to discuss climate change, and they have agreed to try to limit the average warming to 3.6 degrees fahrenheit per year.


Polar Bear Research

By Lucy

Did you know that Polar bears are going into villages in Alaska to look for food? According to an article, Melting sea ice brings polar bears and humans closer together, the reason is the sea ice polar bears hunt on is staying melted for longer, so they are going to villages and getting into their food supply.

As the article states, “the more humans and bears interact, the greater chance there is that someone or some bear will get hurt.” For example if a human came to close to the polar bear and the polar bear felt threatened they might attack. Or if a polar bear came on to a person’s property or near their house people might try to scare the polar bear away or get rid of them and end up hurting the bear in the process.

Native Alaskans have ice cellars that they have been using for over 100 years to store whale meat called  muktuk. But recently polar bears have been getting into them and eating their food supply. A nonprofit group called Defenders of Wildlife gave the Alaskans special stainless steel food containers and so far they have been successful, but polar bears are still lingering longer than usual.

The sea ice is melting faster because of our use of fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and gas, as well as deforestation. Not only does this affect the polar bears but it affects us too. I think we should avoid using these as much because it is endangering many species including humans. Not just because of global warming but as I stated before it is causing animals and humans to come closer together and the outcome is not always good.       


What dolphins have been going through since humans started paying attention to them

By: Charlotte Jewell

Getting close to dolphins was a bad thing, but feeding them is a bigger problem than we think! The core of the problem was (and still is!) is tourists. Tourists probably don’t know or if they do know, they don’t care don’t care.

First of all feeding them is a federal offense, it can also change the dolphins behavior. Feeding them tells them that they can go close to boats, it also shows their offspring to beg instead of hunting. According to Amber Kuehn, who works for the Coastal Discovery Museum and also leads dolphin research excursions, “Dolphins don’t taste their food,They swallow it whole; they’re lazy like people are.” Dolphins are creatures that eat live food, they don’t usually eat canned food, like sardines. They usually eat herring or mackerel, without human bacteria on it. According to a Kuehn, “Fish are their source of fresh water so dolphins that eat human food can become dehydrated and eventually die.”

Dolphins may seem cute and cuddly but their have been several incidents where people have gotten hurt just by trying to feed dolphins! According to Wayne Mcfee, research wildlife biologist for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in Charleston, “We’ve had numerous instances of people being bitten by them, and these animals have anywhere from 80 to 100 sharp, conical teeth.” Another problem is Sea World in San Diego. Sea World has been basically  torturing dolphins and other sea life! Humans have pretty much taken over the world. seriously. Dolphins are related to humans, why should we torture them when we don’t like being tortured! Dolphins have their own life! We shouldn’t disturb their lives! They are living creatures!!!


DEAD SEA

By Roman Stadler

Some of the most important texts in history are the dead sea scrolls. Some goat herders found a cave in the desert called Judean in Israel. There were some teenagers who found bottles sorted into rows and that had some text in it. The text had a series of paper the jars that the found it in. According to the Washington Post, they were so old that some of the writing was not there and disintegrated. “They found the oldest writing known to humans.” The Arab explorers found the 12th scroll and it was written in hebrew and a few were written in greek and Aramaic.

The scrolls were 2,000 years old. Some of the scrolls were broken up into small bits and even though they were small the can be sold for a lot of money. People found the scrolls with some of the torah in it and the Ten Commandments. The torah is a scroll in judaism and it is all in Hebrew. It is the book that Jewish people read on shabbat.  And also one of the most important archeological discoveries of the 20th centuries.   In 60 years we’ll have a new first cave. Some of the caves had arrowheads and knives and different artifacts in the caves. Israel antiquities authorities told the archaeologists to go to the Qumran cave and protect the scrolls from the looters. It is a race as more looters are looking for more pieces of the paper. According to the Washington Post, “Finds of huge importance are still waiting to be discovered.”


What causes the tide in the ocean

By Jeevan

Tides happen when the moon’s gravitational pull pulls up the water onto the shore. Why does the tide come and go?  When the earth rotates the moon’s gravitational pull pulls on part of the earth then when the earth rotates it pulls on the other part of the earth. Are the tide’s the same everywhere? No if the earth was perfectly round and all water  the tides would be the same.
There is still a lot to learn about tides.   


Greeks By Sea

By Phoebe

“Poseidon at Sea”

Hello, have you ever wondered about Poseidon, the Greek god of the sea? Poseidon has two brothers, Zeus and Hades. Zeus rules the sky while Hades rules the underworld, and Poseidon rules the sea.

Poseidon’s symbols of power are  the trident and the horse. He married a  nayade, a girl whose life source depends on the ocean named Ameritrade. Poseidon is the second most powerful Greek god. The Greeks believed that to cross the Mediterranean, a sea in the Greek area, you would need to make a sacrifice to Poseidon unless you wanted for your boat  to sink and you to drown. Poseidon liked white bulls most of all. The Greeks also believed that Poseidon could make earthquakes  with his trident.  This is very common for Greek gods to act selfish and picky. As the article, Myths and Legends, explains, “Like the sea he can be calm and quiet at times, and then raging and violent.” This basically sums up Poseidon’s  natcher.

Poseidon is said to have an army of cyclopes and a war chariot pulled by hippocampi, fish tailed horses.  Once, Olympus was attacked by giants and Poseidon fought and killed a giant named Polybotes.  Poseidon can be helpful like when he helped Zeus send the evil Titan lord Kronos  to Tartarus. Poseidon does not enjoy the company of his brother, Zeus. One time he, Athena, and Hera wanted to take over and make the Olympian council to make fair.   These three Greek gods had the idea of not just Zeus ruling but all the Olympian gods ruling with equal power. In the end they were not successful. Poseidon wanted everything to be fair but being the second most powerful Greek god  he did not always get fair. Now that you see that Poseidon is fantastic you should make a sacrifice to Poseidon next time you go on the water.


Animals in Strange Places

By Justin

Several million years ago the Isthmus of Panama (a thin strip of land in between North America and South America) formed causing the Great American Biotic Interchange, when land animals could cross from North America to South America.

The Isthmus of Panama

Some experts think something similar is happening in the arctic. A team of experts led by Seabird Mckinnon wrote a paper that explores what they call faunal exchange. Faunal exchange is when animals from multiple different places are able to travel to other places and become invasive species. The paper looks at the increase of animals found in the wrong ocean recently and says that the reason for this is global warming in the arctic. Is says that normally animals can’t swim through the arctic because of sea ice. This is the same for birds, except they can fly over the ice, but the paper says that because of the sea ice, they can’t dive for food. But the paper says that global warming is melting the sea ice, making paths for animals to follow. This could have dramatic effects to the environment including changes to the food chain.

But some people don’t like the paper. “Some people might feel that this paper is not loaded down with evidence – they’re basically talking about 10 or 20 species that have been seen out of their geographic range – but they make a good point,” said Larry Crowder, science director for Stanford University’s Center for Ocean Solutions. (He was not involved with the paper). “If there hasn’t been a gray whale in the Atlantic in 200 years and now there is one, that’s a change,” hHe added. Kristin Laidre, a principal scientist at the University of Washington’s Polar Science Center said that the ideas in the paper aren’t new to the scientific community. “I think in the kind of ecological studies that consider the consequences of ice loss, the idea that species in the Pacific may become more connected with species in the Atlantic [or vice versa] isn’t really a new idea.” Kristin Laidre was the head author of a paper that was about arctic marine mammals and how they are dealing with climate change. The paper also realizes the likelihood that arctic animals will move towards oceans that they aren’t supposed to be in. A good number of the animals mentioned in Kristin Laidre paper are also mentioned in Seabird Mckinnon’s paper. Pacific auks and Atlantic northern gannets have both been spotted in the wrong ocean along with a gray whale spotted off the coast of Israel. These sightings have increased in recent years, and I am looking forward to see what would happen if polar bears showed up in New York for example. I want to see if they would change color or not, and if they would all be put in the zoo.

What Floats Our Boats? Exploring Density and Buoyancy

The Balclutha is a 3-masted square rigger; 301 feet long and clocking in at 1,689 tons – how in the world do such ships not simply sink to the bottom of the ocean? Much less carry cargo?

 

Just how does a massive ship, made of steel and wood, manage to stay afloat? The Orange Band began their explorations into the ideas of buoyancy and vessels at the Hyde Street San Francisco Maritime National Park Association. The kiddos had an opportunity to assist in the build of a Bevin’s skiff (a small rowboat) and take a spin in a completed skiff out on the San Francisco Bay!

Boat construction begins with drawn scaled, iterations from multiple angles – this reminded the Orange Band of their processes during project time.

The Maritime Park crew work with high school students from Downtown High to build Bevin’s skiffs. This skiff, being built over a skeleton to support and maintain the shape, is about halfway done.

Progress on the boat must be slow and methodical – here, Lucy, Charlotte, and Phoebe apply adhesive – liquid cement – to the newly attached plank.

Lucy is just the right size to fill in holes with the cement adhesive from the inside of the support frame.

Meanwhile, Justin, Roman, Amiya, and Jeevan pushed off for a trip around Aquatic Park in the Bevin’s skiff, learning the commands for rowing a small boat.

Maneuvering in the water took coordination (with the rower in front or behind you AND at your side) and good listening skills. Glenn, our captain in the skiff, called out directions to keep the rowers and swimmers in the water safe.

Lucy holds her oar, waiting for Captain Glenn’s next direction.

It was a gorgeous day on the Bay – we had spectacular views of the Golden Gate Bridge as the fog began to roll in over the city.

AND got to experience the thrill of sea-life in the wold: sea lions playing in the Bay!

It only takes a bit of imagination to see the SF Bay at the height of its shipping era; just a little squint and the right light and it is teeming with boats of all sizes, once again!

*Meanwhile, Back at the (Brightworks) Ranch*

The Orange Band was raring to get out on the water again – or at least begin boat construction of their own designs. But we had to take a giant step back before setting sail. Before we could jump into building boats in our shop, we needed to become familiar with the science behind what allows any substance float on water.

So, the kiddos were presented with a series of items: ceramic, wood, steel, and plastic. Their task was to measure the volume and mass of each set of items, graph the data, and then compare that to water.

Finding the volume of irregularly shaped (or non-rectangular) objects is tricky – unless you use the water displacement method, credited to the Greek mathematician, Archimedes.

Jeevan works to carefully measure the volume of wood blocks – first in displaced milliliters – and NOT include the tip of his pencil in his data collection.

Justin uses the scale to calculate the mass of the steel in his bag. A big takeaway from this activity was clarifying the difference between mass (how much matter an object is made up of – a constant) and weight (a measurement of the force of gravity on an object)

Phoebe measures the mass of the ceramic tile pieces multiple times to ensure an accurate reading. Good practices for data collection!

Lucy and Charlotte divide the work in finding the volume of multiple items.

Once our measurements had been double and triple checked, kiddos graphed the data and observed four lines with very different slopes. Then the Orange Band measured and graphed the volume and mass of various amounts of water. With little deviation, the data collection revealed that water’s volume and mass are equal in value!

This information, graphed, gave a clear picture of which items would float (wood, with a line slope smaller than water’s) and which would not (any item with a line slope steeper than water’s). The work gave the students an opportunity to see WHY we graph – and brought to light the formula for density (density = mass/volume) and its relationship to buoyancy. Next up? (Small) Boat Building!

Next, kiddos were given a challenge: build a boat out of  a 12″ x 12″ piece of aluminum foil that holds the MOST mass. While the constrictions of the challenge were met with some resistance (Couldn’t we just add toothpicks? Or use some tape?), they provided an opportunity to work within controlled conditions and compare their results!

Charlotte and Phoebe discuss their options for the foil boat challenge.

Like the more complicated Bevin’s skiff, Orange Band’s foil boats began with a sketch!

Roman works on his second iteration of the boat hull. It was a challenge to ONLY use a single sheet of foil for each boat.

How high should the sides of the hull be? What is the best shape for the bottom?

The pinched, oval-shaped hull was a popular choice. Kiddos discussed the need to make their boats “water-dynamic,” able to cut through the water with ease.

 

Amiya and Jeevan’s crafts were able to hold the most mass (over 300 g) – in addition to the shape of their hulls, they paid careful consideration to how they filled the boat, balancing the washers inside their craft as they added more.

These forays into how vessels carry mass that is greater than the crafts, themselves, set the stage for the Orange Band’s next explorations: What are the factors that affect the success of such crafts?

Next on the docket: deeper dives into density and shape of hulls and ships.

The Orange Band still has some more work to do in understanding the “how” and “why” of by-sea movement – at least before we take our designs out to the big blue waters…

Lest we encounter such dire catastrophes at sea, as Amiya envisions!

Shanghaied!

“Dear Ma and Pa

The ship has set sail for Oregon to rebuild the city. I hope Nana, Nona and Papa are doing great and I have a few stories…” Deckhand Crew Member Phoebe

“1906, April 22

Dear Mother and Father,

As you have heard, I have been taken on a ship…the Captain calls it “being shanghaied.” The people seem nice, except Mr. Llyod, he is the first mate and is in charge of discipline. You may be wondering, ‘how did I get tricked?’…Well…we (notice I said WE) followed this “Mr. Hawkins.” He told us that there was a ship we should see. So we followed him and he gave a sheet. Now at the time I had no idea what this sheet was and really did not care, but now I realize that I was signing a very important document.

I miss you soooo much,

Rigger Crew Mate Charlotte”

“Mr. Hawkins told us of the Joyful life onboard, and the fine pay.  Yet, the second we set foot on the ship I knew we had been shanghaied.  We were forced to work on the ship with the strict first mate, Mr. Llyod and the not completely sane cook/doctor Onion. (Who became Princess Onion under circumstances I will get to later).  The only thing that stopped this voyage from being a complete nightmare was The Captain.  He was firm but kind.” Ronan Rigger Crew.

“Then on the poop deck a man look and said in a stern voice, ‘Whats this!’ Hawkins walked up at the front of the line.

‘Sir, you said you needed a crew,’  said Hawkins.

‘Not little childern!’ said Mr. Lloyd, ‘You are all green but we are going to turn you into sailors.'” Deck Hand Mate Sadie

“My first day of work on a ship was hard. We even swabbed the decks, which I, personally, think is the coolest job on this ship.” Quartermaster Crew Member Jonah

 

My group was with Onion our first task was to swab the deck.  Swabbing was fun but getting the water was hard because the buckets full of water where super heavy and they splashed all over us.” Gita Quartermaster Crew

“Today was fun but tiring! I loved all of the acting and the characters! My favorite character was Dr. Onion! My favorite thing I did today was raising and lowering the dory, eating dinner, and washing dishes. I liked my day!” Boat Crew Member Soleil

 

“I got the job of the boat crew and had to lower and raise the dory and did the dishes every meal.” Roman Boat Crew

“My experience here was challenging but also fun.  The sky and the breeze are so calm.  I can hear the ship saying stuff to me. It sings me lullabies in my ear.  I hear the seals singing shanties. I love this a lot.  I love the Balcutha.” Deckhand Mate Sadie

“We had to raise and lower the ensign and kept bell time.” Pheobe Deckhand Crew.

“We just got fired from a boat. I’m so glad it was awful. The oatmeal  was soggy. The bed’s were hard as a rock. And the blanket’s thin as paper.” Lily Deck Hand Crew 

“The job of the rigger crew is to raise the bosun’s chair and assemble the block and tackle.” Charlotte

“The sea gulls are crying. The boat is groaning. The sea lions are yowling. The water is flowing, a cool night it is.” Rigger Crew Mate Charlotte.

“The Balclutha will dock in Oregon soon.  I am going to escape then and come home.  I have to go now because my break is over, so goodbye for now.  I am looking forward to seeing you after I escape.” Boat Crew Amiya

“Then we needed to raise Lisa on the bosun’s chair and tell her what to buy us and give us. This was the fun part.” Boat Crew Member Roman

“We put Lisa on a swing high in the air and demanded lots of things in the end we got most of what we wanted.” Quartermaster Crew Member Gita

When the voyage was done, we sang and said Farewell.” Boat Crew Member Soleil

Declarations & Expression: Project Time is Upon the Orange Band


Throughout the exploration phase of the By-Land Arc, the Orange Band has studied the movement of people and things, notably, but not exclusively, our food. A thread that runs throughout all of our explorations is people’s work to amplify their own efforts for a greater result.

Orange Band students brainstormed the ways that we explored concepts by-land and found a through thread in innovation and advance towards an amplification of human ability

When we wanted to move farther or more than we could carry, we turned to stronger beasts of burden. Later technological advances led us to vehicles of greater and greater advancements in speed, ability, and complexity. 
 
Even in looking at our food, we are constantly looking to get more from our plates. The ancient porridges of ground wheat and water became, by accident, the starter for the first breads, food of greater nutrition and value.
At this stage in the students’ career at Brightworks, students are presented with a challenge, and constraints, within which students have the room to be creative and innovative in their response to the challenge! We spoke of the counterintuitive phenomenon constraints can actually encourage and breed creativity in a way that no boundaries might not.
The Challenge:
With the idea of amplifying human effort for greater results, Orange Band students were challenged to make a machine that amplifies the work that one turn of a hand-held grain grinder yields by 2, 5, or 10 times.

Kiddos experimented with the grain grinders, testing the strength needed to grind barley, prior to designing machines to meet the challenge.

Such a challenge necessitated an (ongoing) exploration of simple machines, and a greater understanding of gears and gear ratios. The research began in earnest and Orange Band students worked individually and in partnerships to craft articulate, well-thought out declarations for approval.

Phoebe, Charlotte, and Lucy devoted their energies to step-by-step conceptualization of how they would realize their project ideas.

 

Jeevan consults Huxley for feedback in how to make his ideas clearer for the reader.

In response to the challenge, Orange Band students’ ideas ranged far and wide!

Phoebe and Charlotte took a page from our brainstorm at the beginning of Expression and decided to turn to animal labor as a way to amplify human effort:

We will make a hamster powered energy barley grinder with gears to amplify Cloudy’s (the hamster) efforts on her wheel. Our desired product is a working hamster wheel that will amplify human efforts to make flour.

Charlotte and Phoebe’s project build – the first iteration

 

Gever and Charlotte discuss their next steps in their attempts to make wooden gears on the band saw for the project.

Roman decided to meet the challenge using a vehicle–a remote-controlled truck, that is!

I would like to see if a remote control truck can power the grain grinder. I will have to make a loop for the car to turn around on, and I will have to connect the car to the crank. I will make the loop 2 1/2 feet in diameter so the car will have room but make a foundation. I will remove the handle and replace it with a bolt I’m going to have the bolt attached to the grinder and not the handle so then the car will move the bolt and not the handle.  I want to be able to compare how much grain is milled after  2, 5, or 10 loops of the remote-controlled truck.

Roman worked through multiple iterations and prototype versions of his project before signing up for an approval meeting.

Justin opted to focus on the power of the grinder itself, exchanging the object to be ground up for a sweeter option:

 In order to meet the challenge [given] I will create the Gearatron-o-matic 90211, a machine that will be able to increase the power of the grain grinder using gears to increase torque or speed depending on how strong the grinder is already. If it is already really strong I might increase the speed, but that decreases torque so I probably won’t do that. On the other hand increasing torque decreases speed so one turn might not do much, but it will mow through almost anything.

Justin created sketches of his project ideas from multiple perspectives – leading up to the green light!

 

 

Embodying the mantra that Brightworks embraces (“Everything is interesting!”), Jeevan was inspired to take the idea of amplifying human efforts into a new direction: gardens and irrigation:

I will amplify human effort to water plans, by making a rain machine which will make it a lot easer to water plants  so you just have to  turn on the hose and it will be raining in your garden and all the plants will be watered.

 

Another idea that the Brightworks disciple adheres to is that we are the school that says, “yes!” to the passions and interests of the students. When the Movement of Things By Land arc began, both Lucy and Amiya felt particularly inspired to explore their deepest interests: animals and cars, respectively. Being a place of learning that encourages such self-identified pursuits, Lucy and Amiya set off on very different paths than the rest of the band.

Amiya’s sketch belies the complexity inherent in making a working manual transmission!

Amiya:

My desired product is a working manual transmission made out of Lego bricks. To meet the challenge, I will research manual transmissions and how they work. To address the challenge, I will make a working manual transmission out of Lego. I want to do this project because I want to learn how a manual transmission works, and I would like to put it in a big Lego car after this arc is over.

Part of the declaration process is seeking out and identifying potential experts to consult during Project Time.

 

Wolf – Pygmy Rabbit – White Tailed Deer – Polar Bear

Lucy:

The challenge that I have to adress is to make a board game about animals that walk on land. The game will also be a little bit educational. The players might learn about the four animals involved in the game.  I will meet the challenge by making a board game about animals walking  on land. In my board game there will be cards that have setbacks and advantages depending on your animal. Each player will be a different animal ether a polar bear, a wolf, a pygmy rabbit or a whitetail deer. Each player starts at a different place on the board depending on where that type of animal lives, but all the animals are trying to get to one place. I chose this project because I like animals and board games.

Clearly, we have been nothing short of a whirlwind in the Orange Band, with these declarations and projects up front and center!

But our time this arc phase has not only been in the realm of declarations and projects. Our mornings have been filled with explorations in opportunities for math in the day-to-day contexts of the most unlikely of places: pet food stores!

Using the context of price comparison, students have been developing an understanding of ratios, how ratio tables work, and the ways that fractions are added and subtracted in real-life situations. Working within carefully crafted scenarios, kiddos have been exploring with visual math and manipulatives to build and further their conceptual understanding of big ideas using models.

The “landscape of learning” that students move through and within during our current explorations of fractions, decimals, and percents. The rectangles represent landmark strategies students use; the ovals show the big ideas; and triangles illustrate the models students use along the way.

 

Lucy and Phoebe use visual representations of fixed ratios of dog food ingredients (linking cubes of different colors) to keep fractional proportions accurate.

Charlotte takes the time to write and draw out her understandings. Careful note-taking and representation of the concepts become resources to return to as the explorations continue.

Amiya uses multiple ways to represent his work throughout the context exploration.

As the weeks continue, students will navigate the landscape for learning, moving from one model or strategy to the next as the big ideas become more and more clear!

NaNoWriMo is Never-Ending (and we love it!)

To celebrate the *official* last day of NaNoWriMo, Charlotte and the Orange Band grate chocolate for hot cocoa treats.

Lucy and Phoebe take turns, grating as much chocolate as possible to fuel their writing fires.

Justin and Roman combine their efforts for a faster and greater) yield.

Amiya and Jeevan prefer hand graters – slower, but less likely to result in a shredded finger.

Though we have left the month of November, and all that novel-writing that comes with it, we are still reveling in the work that NaNoWriMo inspired and yielded. Even as we march towards the beginning of a brand new year (Welcome, 2017! We can’t wait for you!), Orange Band students are still contemplating the characters, settings, and plot twists that filled our time together.

Computers and notebooks remain an Orange Band focus, even though November has come and gone.

Jeevan works on self-editing his novel- dialogue and paragraphing have been big focuses.

The inspirations for our novels are varied: previous NaNoWriMo projects, our favorite authors and stories, each other’s work and ideas, and the stories we wish were in print, but simply haven’t been written…yet! Throughout the work on character, setting, and plot, however, we have come to realize that most stories have a shape to them. Orange Banders looked at how the venerable and prolific author, Kurt Vonnegut, visualized these shapes. Afterward, students created their own story shapes, and we saw that our stories and style of story-telling varied just as widely as our inspirations!

In addition to goal setting for word counts (which nearly all Orange Band students have met or exceeded!!), kiddos set goals for the impacts their novels make when they are released into the world. Some of the Orange Band NaNoWriMo goals are:

  • Jeevan: I want people to know what they see may not always be the truth.
  • Lucy: My goal is to show that polar bears are awesome.
  • Roman: My goal is to make my novel a great story to read and to share it with my family.
  • Charlotte: My goal is that I want to get little girls out of their princess dresses, and get them to see the true princesses–and get them to BE like true princesses without magic.
  • Amiya: My goal is to make people laugh.
  • Phoebe: My goal is  to show that dead people aren’t really dead, and that you might not kill someone by dropping a knife on them, so don’t try!

From the inspirational to the macabre, Orange Band NaNoWriMo projects will have it all!

NaNoWriMo even infiltrated student blog post topics…

NaNoWriMo, by Amiya Das

My Nanowrimo story is about two brothers, one brother’s friend, Betty, and a very old treasure. The story begins in 1851, when John Devell goes from New York City to Placerville, CA, to find gold during the California gold rush. He finds a lot of gold, and hides it in a cave near Placerville. Unfortunately, he gets on the boat back to New York City, forgetting his treasure, and he doesn’t remember until it was too late. He makes a treasure map and gives it to his Great-Grandsons, Robert and Edward just before his death. Robert is drafted for The Second World War in 1940 and is reported missing in action in 1942. His plane crashes in the French Alps, but he moves back to Chester, Nova Scotia in 1953. Edward lives there, until he rediscovers his copy of the treasure map in 2016, and decides to go on a road trip with his friend Betty. Robert rediscovers his copy, and he goes on a road trip too. They meet just after leaving Chester, and decide to race to Placerville.

NaNoWriMo Reflection, by Roman Stadler

NaNoWriMo was a great writing opportunity. I wish we can have it forever because it’s that fun.  One reason why NaNoWriMo is fun is because on Wednesday, November 30, we had NaNoWriMo the whole day and it was also Pajama Day. our class sipped hot chocolate while writing our stories. I would get sugar crazy so I would get more ideas in my brain to write about. We also had a  super fun time writing because we got to make our stories up and write whatever came to our minds. Everyday after lunch during quiet time we wrote NaNoWriMo. I loved writing NaNoWriMo in peace and quiet because I can concentrate better. My word goal was 2,001 and I have 2,010 right now. I am super excited because I accomplished my word goal. If you ever get an opportunity to write a story, use the NaNoWriMo process because when you reach your goal you will feel like you are proud that you accomplished a difficult and complicated story.

Other Orange Band kiddos looked to the coming end of the arc to focus their blog posts:

Future Field Trip, by Lucy Rubenstein

I think that we should go to the zoo! One reason is that it is the by land arc and there are lots of animals there that walk on land. The zoo is pretty big to so we would be walking all day, and  we would be moving by land. Also there are lots of cute animals there. It is important to realize that  the zoo is just really fun to go to anyway. For this reason I think we would all probably enjoy it and we would learn about animals that walk by land.☺

As the Expression phase of the By Land arc looms, Orange Band students also contemplated possible projects.

Expression Project, by Justin Bebee

For our by land arc I am going to turn the entire earth into a bluetooth speaker. And I am going to study how sound travels by land. But mostly turn the entire earth into a bluetooth speaker. And then I can play annoying music to the whole world. And since the music is coming from the earth, they wouldn’t be able to tell who it is. That would be so cool. Then we could play clapping, and people will think that the clap is happening. That would be funny.

Still other Orange Banders considered our future endeavors–in our band space, and Brightworks, as a whole.

My Persuasive Blog Post, by Charlotte Jewell

I think we should redo the table that we built and make it only white board because people keep scratching it and it hurts my ears. Our table than we have now has whiteboard and blackboard, I think that we should redo the actual board part because it does not fit correctly either like you could fit it this way but you couldn’t fit it that way. I think we should use shower boards instead of foam because when people flip stuff or when you don’t have a clipboard and your pencil goes through the paper and then it goes through the table it would damage the table, I think we should also paint the table (or the unfinished book shelf, if you didn’t know we were working on a bookshelf, we are making a bookshelf because our old bookshelves back came off so we have to make new one if ). I think we should paint the table Orange (because our band is orange and I like orange or we can paint it blue).

A Persuasive Blog Post, by Jeevan Bhatia

I think that Brightworks should teach a different language. Languages have a lot of different things behind them, for an example, a culture. A language doesn’t just teach you  language it can teach you a different syntax and new culture. You can learn how to write and read in a different way. I mean, Brightworks teaches a lot but not like this.  Communicating in different languages is something that you can use for a lot of different reasons, for an example, in an emergency. If someone that knows about the emergency is the only one that can help in the emergency, and  only speaks one language and that language is not the one you know, then what?  What  happens if no one is there that can help?

I speak 3 languages English, Spanish, and Mandarin fluently. I use to speak Spanish a lot better than I do know. When I was younger I spoke 5 languages.  When I first came to BWX I asked a lot of people if they spoke any other languages and no one spoke any other languages. I  mean one or two people spoke one or to other languages but not really fluently. I  can speak Hindi a little bit but not fluently. Anyway learning a language expands your Brain.

Don’t eat Hershey’s, Nestle & Mars Chocolates!, by Phoebe Pringle

Do you want to know how Hershey’s, Nestle & Mars get the kid slaves in the first place?

Let’s back up. Hershey’s, Nestle & Mars uses kid slaves in Africa to harvest cocoa beans. You know, I’m ten. A kid my age would be on a cocoa beans farm harvesting cocoa beans.  If the kids if need to go to the restroom they have to go on the roof or in a cup. Now back to the top question: Hershey’s, Nestle & Mars bought or kidnaped the kids. To conclude don’t eat or buy from Hershey’s, Nestle, & Mars.

As we say goodbye to 2016, we hope the Orange Band has given you something to reflect upon…Happy Holidays